Coming soon: The Anthropomorphic Lens

I am pleased to announce that The Anthropomorphic Lens: Anthropomorphism, Microcosmism, and Analogy in Early Modern Thought and Visual Arts, is in production and due to come out in September, 2014 (production now scheduled for October, 2014). Brill is publishing the volume, and has posted preliminary information about it here.

In my essay, I discuss the surprising number of diverse contexts in which the grotesque, female cannibal appears in 17th-c. visual culture: in “ethnographic” reports from Brazil, printed maps of the Arctic Seas, and miniature sculpture in German Kunstkammern. As a figure who obliterates bodily integrity, the cannibal became a powerful symbol for anxieties about disappearance and the disruption of ordered systems of knowledge. These anxieties manifested themselves in numerous contexts in the seventeenth century, from existentially terrifying expeditions to the New World and to the earth’s polar regions to the pleasurable bewilderments of the Kunstkammer.

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A thoughtful response in The New York Times

A while ago, The New York Times published this response to my Jacobin article in the opinion pages. Gordon Marino, a philosophy professor at St. Olaf College writes,

“Perhaps, unlike Kant, you do not believe that the universe is swimming with purposes. Then is “do what you love,” or “do what you find most meaningful” the first and last commandment? Not necessarily.”

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Responses to “In the Name of Love”

I’ve been amazed at the depth of response to my Jacobin article, “In the Name of Love,” a refutation of that old banality, “do what you love.” It’s wonderful to see that the conversation about attitudes towards work, namely the pressure to love it, has continued around the internet–on Twitter, in Facebook threads, personal blogs, and even whole articles written about DWYL culture. Below, I’ve posted some of my personal favorites, and I’ve even included a dissenter!

Tasha Golden, in the Ploughshares blog: “The Ploughshares Round-Down: Why ‘Do What You Love’ is Bad Advice” (making a great point below):

Let’s be honest, though: even in love-driven professions, we rarely measure success by the quality of life that results from happily humming along. Instead, we measure it according to publishing deals, tenure, sales, raving reviews.

Neville Morley in The Sphinx Blog: “Antiquity and Modernity,’ C’est moi

Even if this experience becomes in reality ever more burdensome, and we become conscious of how far it’s actually affecting our happiness and health, we continue to drive ourselves on to breaking point and beyond, partly because of the sense that “this is a job I ought to be loving” and hence failure (in performance and in enjoyment of it) can only be a consequence of personal flaws…

Kyle Chayka in Pacific Standard: Should You Really Love Your Job?”

These slogans suggest that passion should be directly connected to paid labor, that you can’t possibly be pursuing your dream if you’re not getting paid for it. Conflating creative passion and capital, however, can be hazardous, as the economic situation of the arts in the United States in particular suggests.

Andrew Smart offers a contrarian view on his blog, The Art and Science of Doing Nothing, “Doing What You Love Does Not Devalue Work or Workers”

It is true that the mantra DWYL in its current form deflects the revolutionary potential of the proletariat, which Tokumitsu mentions only in passing. She comes close to making the true revolutionary argument; but she misses going all the way with how DWYL could be stolen from the spoiled, ignorant and elite post-graduate children of the 1% and spread among the working masses.

Smart says later that my argument assumes that we should “keep the current system of wage-slavery intact as it is.” This prospect of wage-free work-for-love requires that for every task that needs doing, there must be a worker willing to do it out of sheer pleasure at the precise moment it needs to be done. I doubt very much that this could ever the case, barring a change in human nature (and physiology). I do agree that the desperate need to keep earning (often barely or not even enough to cover expenses) is highly oppressive, and yet I’m not convinced going full-DWYL is a practical solution.

I’d also add that work done out of even the deepest love isn’t always intellect-cultivating or pleasure-refining, as he claims, channeling Wilhelm von Humboldt. Many a person who’s tried to soothe a colicky baby at 4am can testify to this. Smart cites Humboldt heavily but excuses him for failing to consider female labor. However, if we’re going to talk about work-for-love, I think it’s wise to look at the very people who are already considered to be doing just that.

All the same, a big thank you to Smart for taking time to respond and for giving me something to think about.

Finally, Leah Libresco posted an excellent response, “Don’t Love Your Job. Love People.” over at American Conservative (yes, a Jacobin article was praised in American Conservative):

Employers can only sell us the aspirations they have in stock.

Have you come across any particularly thought-provoking responses to “In the Name of Love”? If so, I’d be much obliged if you shared them with me.

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Inaugural Post


I’m starting this blog today, on Groundhog Day, February 2, 2014. I know I’m coming rather late to the blogging community, but the truth is, until recently, I never thought the internet particularly needed a personal blog by Miya Tokumitsu.

I’m still not sure it does, but on January 13 of this year, my article, “In the Name of Love” appeared in Jacobin, and the response was massive (and utterly unexpected). I thought the article would start some conversations in left-leaning circles that comprise Jacobin‘s readership, but almost immediately the article started to go viral. Slate picked it up for a reprint, and it remained that site’s “Most Read” and “Most Shared” article for almost four days.

I’m thrilled that the article has reached so many people, but I was unprepared for the sudden interest in me and my work. Presently, I imagine this blog as a place to share some of my work and provide updates on current projects. Thanks for visiting.

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